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Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd (PPCJ) SWOT Analysis / TOWS Matrix / MBA Resources

Introduction to SWOT Analysis

SWOT Analysis / TOWS Matrix for Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd (South Africa)


Based on various researches at Oak Spring University , Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd is operating in a macro-environment that has been destablized by – supply chains are disrupted by pandemic , increasing household debt because of falling income levels, increasing inequality as vast percentage of new income is going to the top 1%, there is backlash against globalization, challanges to central banks by blockchain based private currencies, increasing transportation and logistics costs, increasing government debt because of Covid-19 spendings, customer relationship management is fast transforming because of increasing concerns over data privacy, increasing commodity prices, etc



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Introduction to SWOT Analysis of Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd


SWOT stands for an organization’s Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats . At Oak Spring University, we believe that Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd can use SWOT analysis as a strategic management tool to assess the current internal strengths and weaknesses of the Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd, and to figure out the opportunities and threats in the macro environment – technological, environmental, political, economic, social, demographic, etc in which Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd operates in.

According to Harvard Business Review, 75% of the managers use SWOT analysis for various purposes such as – evaluating current scenario, strategic planning, new venture feasibility, personal growth goals, new market entry, Go To market strategies, portfolio management and strategic trade-off assessment, organizational restructuring, etc.




SWOT Objectives / Importance of SWOT Analysis and SWOT Matrix


SWOT analysis of Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd can be done for the following purposes –
1. Strategic planning of Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd
2. Improving business portfolio management of Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd
3. Assessing feasibility of the new initiative in South Africa
4. Making a Construction - Raw Materials sector specific business decision
5. Set goals for the organization
6. Organizational restructuring of Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd




Strengths of Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd | Internal Strategic Factors
What are Strengths in SWOT Analysis / TOWS Matrix / Weighted SWOT Analysis

The strengths of Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd are -

Strong track record of project management in the Construction - Raw Materials industry

– Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd is known for sticking to its project targets. This enables the firm to manage – time, project costs, and have sustainable margins on the projects.

Learning organization

- Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd is a learning organization. It has inculcated three key characters of learning organization in its processes and operations – exploration, creativity, and expansiveness. The work place at Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd is open place that encourages instructiveness, ideation, open minded discussions, and creativity. Employees and leaders at Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd emphasize – knowledge, initiative, and innovation.

Innovation driven organization

– Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd is one of the most innovative firm in Construction - Raw Materials sector.

Cross disciplinary teams

– Horizontal connected teams at the Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd are driving operational speed, building greater agility, and keeping the organization nimble to compete with new competitors. It helps are organization to ideate new ideas, and execute them swiftly in the marketplace.

Diverse revenue streams

– Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd is present in almost all the verticals within the Construction - Raw Materials industry. This has provided Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd a diverse revenue stream that has helped it to survive disruptions such as global pandemic in Covid-19, financial disruption of 2008, and supply chain disruption of 2021.

Ability to lead change in Construction - Raw Materials

– Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd is one of the leading players in the Construction - Raw Materials industry in South Africa. Over the years it has not only transformed the business landscape in the Construction - Raw Materials industry in South Africa but also across the existing markets. The ability to lead change has enabled Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd in – penetrating new markets, reaching out to new customers, and providing different value propositions to different customers in the international markets.

Training and development

– Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd has one of the best training and development program in Capital Goods industry. The effectiveness of the training programs can be measured in – employees retention, in-house promotion, loyalty, new venture initiation, lack of conflict, and high level of both employees and customer engagement.

Effective Research and Development (R&D)

– Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd has innovation driven culture where significant part of the revenues are spent on the research and development activities. This has resulted in – Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd staying ahead in the Construction - Raw Materials industry in terms of – new product launches, superior customer experience, highly competitive pricing strategies, and great returns to the shareholders.

Sustainable margins compare to other players in Construction - Raw Materials industry

– Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd has clearly differentiated products in the market place. This has enabled Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd to fetch slight price premium compare to the competitors in the Construction - Raw Materials industry. The sustainable margins have also helped Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd to invest into research and development (R&D) and innovation.

Analytics focus

– Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd is putting a lot of focus on utilizing the power of analytics in business decision making. This has put it among the leading players in the Construction - Raw Materials industry. The technology infrastructure of South Africa is also helping it to harness the power of analytics for – marketing optimization, demand forecasting, customer relationship management, inventory management, information sharing across the value chain etc.

Low bargaining power of suppliers

– Suppliers of Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd in the Capital Goods sector have low bargaining power. Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd has further diversified its suppliers portfolio by building a robust supply chain across various countries. This helps Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd to manage not only supply disruptions but also source products at highly competitive prices.

Highly skilled collaborators

– Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd has highly efficient outsourcing and offshoring strategy. It has resulted in greater operational flexibility and bringing down the costs in highly price sensitive Construction - Raw Materials industry. Secondly the value chain collaborators of Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd have helped the firm to develop new products and bring them quickly to the marketplace.






Weaknesses of Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd | Internal Strategic Factors
What are Weaknesses in SWOT Analysis / TOWS Matrix / Weighted SWOT Analysis

The weaknesses of Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd are -

Workers concerns about automation

– As automation is fast increasing in the Construction - Raw Materials industry, Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd needs to come up with a strategy to reduce the workers concern regarding automation. Without a clear strategy, it could lead to disruption and uncertainty within the organization.

High bargaining power of channel partners in Construction - Raw Materials industry

– because of the regulatory requirements in South Africa, Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd is facing high bargaining power of the channel partners. So far it has not able to streamline the operations to reduce the bargaining power of the value chain partners in the Construction - Raw Materials industry.

Employees’ less understanding of Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd strategy

– From the outside it seems that the employees of Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd don’t have comprehensive understanding of the firm’s strategy. This is reflected in number of promotional campaigns over the last few years that had mixed messaging and competing priorities. Some of the strategic activities and services promoted in the promotional campaigns were not consistent with the organization’s strategy.

No frontier risks strategy

– From the 10K / annual statement of Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd, it seems that company is thinking out the frontier risks that can impact Construction - Raw Materials industry. But it has very little resources allocation to manage the risks emerging from events such as natural disasters, climate change, melting of permafrost, tacking the rise of artificial intelligence, opportunities and threats emerging from commercialization of space etc.

Ability to respond to the competition

– As the decision making is very deliberative at Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd, in the dynamic environment of Construction - Raw Materials industry it has struggled to respond to the nimble upstart competition. Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd has reasonably good record with similar level competitors but it has struggled with new entrants taking away niches of its business.

Aligning sales with marketing

– From the outside it seems that Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd needs to have more collaboration between its sales team and marketing team. Sales professionals in the Construction - Raw Materials industry have deep experience in developing customer relationships. Marketing department at Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd can leverage the sales team experience to cultivate customer relationships as Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd is planning to shift buying processes online.

High operating costs

– Compare to the competitors, Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd has high operating costs in the Construction - Raw Materials industry. This can be harder to sustain given the new emerging competition from nimble players who are using technology to attract Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd lucrative customers.

Increasing silos among functional specialists

– The organizational structure of Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd is dominated by functional specialists. It is not different from other players in the Construction - Raw Materials industry, but Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd needs to de-silo the office environment to harness the true potential of its workforce. Secondly the de-silo will also help Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd to focus more on services in the Construction - Raw Materials industry rather than just following the product oriented approach.

Slow to harness new channels of communication

– Even though competitors are using new communication channels such as Instagram, Tiktok, and Snap, Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd is slow explore the new channels of communication. These new channels of communication can help Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd to provide better information regarding Construction - Raw Materials products and services. It can also build an online community to further reach out to potential customers.

Compensation and incentives

– The revenue per employee of Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd is just above the Construction - Raw Materials industry average. It needs to redesign the compensation structure and incentives to increase the revenue per employees. Some of the steps that it can take are – hiring more specialists on project basis, etc.

High dependence on Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd ‘s star products

– The top 2 products and services of Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd still accounts for major business revenue. This dependence on star products in Construction - Raw Materials industry has resulted into insufficient focus on developing new products, even though Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd has relatively successful track record of launching new products.




Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd Opportunities | External Strategic Factors
What are Opportunities in the SWOT Analysis / TOWS Matrix / Weighted SWOT Analysis


The opportunities of Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd are -

Building a culture of innovation

– managers at Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd can make experimentation a productive activity and build a culture of innovation using approaches such as – mining transaction data, A/B testing of websites and selling platforms, engaging potential customers over various needs, and building on small ideas in the Construction - Raw Materials industry.

Better consumer reach

– The expansion of the 5G network will help Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd to increase its market reach. Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd will be able to reach out to new customers. Secondly 5G will also provide technology framework to build new tools and products that can help more immersive consumer experience and faster consumer journey.

Leveraging digital technologies

– Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd can leverage digital technologies such as artificial intelligence and machine learning to automate the production process, customer analytics to get better insights into consumer behavior, realtime digital dashboards to get better sales tracking, logistics and transportation, product tracking, etc.

Lowering marketing communication costs

– 5G expansion will open new opportunities for Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd in the field of marketing communication. It will bring down the cost of doing business, provide technology platform to build new products in the Construction - Raw Materials industry, and it will provide faster access to the consumers.

Finding new ways to collaborate

– Covid-19 has not only transformed business models of companies in Construction - Raw Materials industry, but it has also influenced the consumer preferences. Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd can tie-up with other value chain partners to explore new opportunities regarding meeting customer demands and building a rewarding and engaging relationship.

Buying journey improvements

– Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd can improve the customer journey of consumers in the Construction - Raw Materials industry by using analytics and artificial intelligence. It can provide automated chats to help consumers solve their own problems, provide online suggestions to get maximum out of the products and services, and help consumers to build a community where they can interact with each other to develop new features and uses.

Manufacturing automation

– Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd can use the latest technology developments to improve its manufacturing and designing process in Construction - Raw Materials sector. It can use CAD and 3D printing to build a quick prototype and pilot testing products. It can leverage automation using machine learning and artificial intelligence to do faster production at lowers costs, and it can leverage the growth in satellite and tracking technologies to improve inventory management, transportation, and shipping.

Developing new processes and practices

– Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd can develop new processes and procedures in Construction - Raw Materials industry using technology such as automation using artificial intelligence, real time transportation and products tracking, 3D modeling for concept development and new products pilot testing etc.

Increase in government spending

– As the United States and other governments are increasing social spending and infrastructure spending to build economies post Covid-19, Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd can use these opportunities to build new business models that can help the communities that Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd operates in. Secondly it can use opportunities from government spending in Construction - Raw Materials sector.

Low interest rates

– Even though inflation is raising its head in most developed economies, Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd can still utilize the low interest rates to borrow money for capital investment. Secondly it can also use the increase of government spending in infrastructure projects to get new business.

Changes in consumer behavior post Covid-19

– consumer behavior has changed in the Construction - Raw Materials industry because of Covid-19 restrictions. Some of this behavior will stay once things get back to normal. Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd can take advantage of these changes in consumer behavior to build a far more efficient business model. For example consumer regular ordering of products can reduce both last mile delivery costs and market penetration costs. Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd can further use this consumer data to build better customer loyalty, provide better products and service collection, and improve the value proposition in inflationary times.

Reforming the budgeting process

- By establishing new metrics that will be used to evaluate both existing and potential projects Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd can not only reduce the costs of the project but also help it in integrating the projects with other processes within the organization.

Creating value in data economy

– The success of analytics program of Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd has opened avenues for new revenue streams for the organization in Construction - Raw Materials industry. This can help Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd to build a more holistic ecosystem for Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd products in the Construction - Raw Materials industry by providing – data insight services, data privacy related products, data based consulting services, etc.




Threats Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd External Strategic Factors
What are Threats in the SWOT Analysis / TOWS Matrix / Weighted SWOT Analysis


The threats of Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd are -

Regulatory challenges

– Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd needs to prepare for regulatory challenges as consumer protection groups and other pressure groups are vigorously advocating for more regulations on big business - to reduce inequality, to create a level playing field, to product data privacy and consumer privacy, to reduce the influence of big money on democratic institutions, etc. This can lead to significant changes in the Construction - Raw Materials industry regulations.

Consumer confidence and its impact on Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd demand

– There is a high probability of declining consumer confidence, given – high inflammation rate, rise of gig economy, lower job stability, increasing cost of living, higher interest rates, and aging demography. All the factors contribute to people saving higher rate of their income, resulting in lower consumer demand in Construction - Raw Materials industry and other sectors.

Increasing wage structure of Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd

– Post Covid-19 there is a sharp increase in the wages especially in the jobs that require interaction with people. The increasing wages can put downward pressure on the margins of Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd.

Learning curve for new practices

– As the technology based on artificial intelligence and machine learning platform is getting complex, Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd may face longer learning curve for training and development of existing employees. This can open space for more nimble competitors in the field of Construction - Raw Materials sector.

Shortening product life cycle

– it is one of the major threat that Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd is facing in Construction - Raw Materials sector. It can lead to higher research and development costs, higher marketing expenses, lower customer loyalty, etc.

Technology acceleration in Forth Industrial Revolution

– Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd has witnessed rapid integration of technology during Covid-19 in the Construction - Raw Materials industry. As one of the leading players in the industry, Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd needs to keep up with the evolution of technology in the Construction - Raw Materials sector. According to Mckinsey study top managers believe that the adoption of technology in operations, communications is 20-25 times faster than what they planned in the beginning of 2019.

Capital market disruption

– During the Covid-19, Dow Jones has touched record high. The valuations of a number of companies are way beyond their existing business model potential. This can lead to capital market correction which can put a number of suppliers, collaborators, value chain partners in great financial difficulty. It will directly impact the business of Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd.

Trade war between China and United States

– The trade war between two of the biggest economies can hugely impact the opportunities for Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd in Construction - Raw Materials industry. The Construction - Raw Materials industry is already at various protected from local competition in China, with the rise of trade war the protection levels may go up. This presents a clear threat of current business model in Chinese market.

High level of anxiety and lack of motivation

– the Great Resignation in United States is the sign of broader dissatisfaction among the workforce in United States. Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd needs to understand the core reasons impacting the Construction - Raw Materials industry. This will help it in building a better workplace.

Technology disruption because of hacks, piracy etc

– The colonial pipeline illustrated, how vulnerable modern organization are to international hackers, miscreants, and disruptors. The cyber security interruption, data leaks, etc can seriously jeopardize the future growth of the organization.

Backlash against dominant players

– US Congress and other legislative arms of the government are getting tough on big business especially technology companies. The digital arm of Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd business can come under increasing regulations regarding data privacy, data security, etc.

Easy access to finance

– Easy access to finance in Construction - Raw Materials industry will also reduce the barriers to entry in the industry, thus putting downward pressure on the prices because of increasing competition. Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd can utilize it by borrowing at lower rates and invest it into research and development, capital expenditure to fortify its core competitive advantage.

High dependence on third party suppliers

– Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd high dependence on third party suppliers can disrupt its processes and delivery mechanism. For example -the current troubles of car makers because of chip shortage is because the chip companies started producing chips for electronic companies rather than car manufacturers.




Weighted SWOT Analysis of Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd Template, Example


Not all factors mentioned under the Strengths, Weakness, Opportunities, and Threats quadrants in the SWOT Analysis are equal. Managers at Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd needs to zero down on the relative importance of each factor mentioned in the Strengths, Weakness, Opportunities, and Threats quadrants. We can provide the relative importance to each factor by assigning relative weights. Weighted SWOT analysis process is a three stage process –

First stage for doing weighted SWOT analysis of Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd is to rank the strengths and weaknesses of the organization. This will help you to assess the most important strengths and weaknesses of the firm and which one of the strengths and weaknesses mentioned in the initial lists are marginal and can be left out.

Second stage for conducting weighted SWOT analysis of Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd is to give probabilities to the external strategic factors thus better understanding the opportunities and threats arising out of macro environment changes and developments.

Third stage of constructing weighted SWOT analysis of Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd to provide strategic recommendations includes – joining likelihood of external strategic factors such as opportunities and threats to the internal strategic factors – strengths and weaknesses. You should start with external factors as they will provide the direction of the overall industry. Secondly by joining probabilities with internal strategic factors can help the company not only strategic fit but also the most probably strategic trade-off that Pretoria Portland Cement Ltd needs to make to build a sustainable competitive advantage.



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